The History of Nursing
additional training and expanded their practice by assuming responsibility for the diagnosis and treatment of common acute and stable chronic illnesses of children and adults. During this time, deaths from injuries were commonplace, due to the lack of general hygiene and the huge amount of fatal infections that resulted from these wounds. She converted her Richmond mansion into Robertson Hospital and established a reputation for extraordinary quality: Tompkins hospital had by far the lowest death rate of any facility in the North or South, even though physicians sent their worst cases to her. In essence, the nursing profession has very much been around since the beginning of time, though has drastically evolved over the course of history. It should also be noted that the only roles for a nurse within these hospitals during this period of time revolved primarily around tending to the elderly and those with sicknesses, such as the flu and the common cold.
There were a number of factors that contributed to the general rise in nursing. However, many of the hospitals that were created in the ever-expanding United States throughout the next 2 centuries were largely derived because of the fear from local governments of diseases spreading to the more wealthy population. Specialized nurse practitioners often work in collaboration with physicians in emergency rooms, intensive care units of hospitals, nursing homes, and medical practices. And other countries, wwii proved even more beneficial in regards to how it pushed respective governments to provide more support for nursing.
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Tompkins was commissioned as an officer in the Confederate army so that she could have the power to commandeer supplies. It was because of the influence of Florence Nightingale that nursing as a profession became what it is today, though both Europe and the.S. Then she writes:.and now dear Miss Nightingale forgive me if I ask you a very great favor: this is our first Christmas here together will you write my children and me a little message of encouragement that I may read them on that day. These nurses cared for infected patients in the patients homes and taught families and communities the measures necessary to prevent spreading the infection. Book subject searches, use these links to see details of books the RCN libraries hold on each topic. This form of advanced nursing practice began in the United States in the 1960s, following the passage of health care legislation ( Medicare and Medicaid ) that guaranteed citizens over age 65 and low-income citizens access to health care services.
History of nursing - Wikipedia
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