Europeans The Crusades
Belgrade in 1457, due to the bravery of Jnos Hunyady, and the bloody conquest of the Peloponnesus in 1460 seemed finally to revive Christendom from its torpor. Thus, during the first half of the twelfth century the Christian states of the East were completely organized, and even eclipsed in wealth and prosperity most of the Western states. Nevertheless these Western knights, isolated amid Mohammedans and forced, because of the torrid climate, to lead a life far different from that to which they had been accustomed at home, displayed admirable bravery and energy in their efforts to save the Christian colonies. The Crusades of the 13th century were larger, better funded, and better organized. Muslim thought divides the world into two spheres, the Abode of Islam and the Abode of War.
Crusades - Medieval Warfare
Crusades Timeline, Facts & Summary
The Crusades - World history
Catholic encyclopedia: Crusades - NEW advent
Crusades - The later Crusades
While all men throughout all time have been prone to hypocrisy, greed, violence, etc., Medieval Christians, as opposed to their 21st century (secularized) counterparts, were, by default, much more guided by faith (whether this faith was misplaced or not is hardly the point). This treatment was applied to combatants and citizens alike: women, children, the old, the infirm anyone and everyone. Foundation of Christian states in the east After travelling through Burgundy and the south of France, Urban II convoked a council at Clermont-Ferrand, in Auvergne. Moreover, in the presence of so many enemies the Christian states lacked cohesion and discipline. The tragic events of 1204 closed an iron door between Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox, a door that even today Pope John Paul II has been unable to reopen. Oarless vessels were brought to Alet on the backs of camels in 1182, and a fleet of five galleys traversed the Red Sea for a whole year, ravaging the coasts as far as Aden ; a body of knights even attempted to seize Medina. Both are willing to suffer enormous sacrifice, provided that it is in the service of something they hold dear, something greater than themselves.
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